THE OKAVANGO DELTA

Okavango Delta, Botswana
On June 15, 2021

The Okavango Delta is a vast and varied ecosystem created as the Okavango River flows into the Kalahari desert in Botswana. Rich in wildlife, this World Heritage Site is a sanctuary to some of the world’s most endangered animals and birds.

The Okavango Delta is a unique pulsing wetland. More correctly an alluvial fan, the delta covers between 6 and 15 000 square kilometres of Kalahari Desert in northern Botswana and owes its existence to the Okavango (Kavango) River which flows from the Angolan highlands, across Namibia’s Caprivi Strip and into the harsh Kalahari Desert.

Each year the Okavango River discharges approximately 11 cubic kilometres (1.1 × 10¹³ litres) of water into the Okavango Delta. Most of this water is lost to transpiration by plants (60%) and by evaporation (36%) with only 2% percolating into the aquifer system with the remainder finally flowing into Lake Ngami.

Okavango Delta, Botswana

source: UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE CENTER

The Okavango Delta is affected by seasonal flooding with floodwater from Angola reaching the Delta between March and June, peaking in July. This peak coincides with Botswana’s dry season resulting in great migrations of plains game from the dry hinterland.

Generally flat, with a height variation of fewer than two meters across its area, dry land in the Okavango Delta is predominantly comprised of numerous small islands, formed when vegetation takes root on termite mounds, however, larger islands exist with Chief’s Island, the largest, having been formed on a tectonic fault line.

The 1000th site to be inscribed on UNESCO’s World Heritage List in 2014, the Okavango Delta is an important wildlife area protected by both the Moremi Game Reserve, on its eastern edge, and the numerous wildlife concessions within Ngamiland.

An oasis in an otherwise dry environment the Okavango Delta is known for its superb wildlife, with large populations of mammals and excellent birding, particularly in the breeding season.

Very much at the centre of Botswana’s safari industry, the Okavango Delta features some of Africa’s premier camps such a Mombo Camp, Duba Plains Camp, Vumbura Camp, Xigera Camp, Abu Camp, Sandibe Camp and many more.

Raphael

Is an entrepreneur with a keen interest in the tourism and travel industry. I am a digital marketer and travel solutions, provider and cofounder o Miafrica(My Incredible Africa).

Related Posts

Top 13 Amazing Luxury Resorts in Ghana to book in 2023

Top 13 Amazing Luxury Resorts in Ghana to book in 2023

Majestic mountains, serene lakes, rolling hills, and lush forests. This is Ghana, the home of amazing and Luxury Resorts, magnificent landscapes with its capital city(Accra), the center of the world on map. Ghana is becoming known for its spectacular and often wild,...

Why the metaverse (really) matters for travel

Why the metaverse (really) matters for travel

After taking a fantastic trip to Venice last summer, my family and I decided to go back. This time, via the metaverse. We honestly couldn’t believe it. The experience was so realistic, with the ability to navigate around the city just like we did when we were there in...

Comments

1 Comment

Trackbacks/Pingbacks

  1. Top 10 Christmas Holiday Destinations - […] the African Bush searching for wild animals, but why not take a break from tradition? An oasis, the Okavango…

Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

error: Content is protected !!